Articles on Soteriology, Grace and even John Calvin


Below you will find articles on the Five Points of Calvinism, better referred to as the Doctrines of Grace. (It’s important to remember that Calvinism is not just 5 points. It is hundreds of points. Those who say they are 5 Point Calvinists would be more historically accurate to say that they believe in the Doctrines of Grace and TULIP).

There is the system of doctrine known as Calvinism, and then there are varying degrees of unbelief. This system of theology was reaffirmed by the Synod of Dordt in 1619 as the doctrine of salvation contained in the Holy Scriptures. The system was at that time formulated into “five points” in answer to the unscriptural five points submitted by the Arminians to the Church of Holland in 1610.

Dordt stated that in reaction to the Arminian and Remonstrant Articles and Opinions, that Arminius and the Remonstrants, “summon back from hell the Pelagian error.”[1] They said that Arminianism “deceive(s) the simple,”[2] “is an invention of the human brain,”[3] is a “pernicious error,”[4] “smacks of Pelagius,”[5] “runs counter to the entire Scripture,”[6] is “gross error,”[7] “militate(s) against the experience of the saints and is contrary to Scripture,”[8] “contradict(s) Scripture,”[9] “attempt(s) to give the people the deadly poison of Pelagianism,”[10] “contradict(s) the apostle” and “contradict(s) the Savior,”[11] “is an insult to the wisdom of God,”[12] “is opposed to the plain testimonies of Scripture,”[13] “is a teaching that is entirely Pelagian and contrary to the whole of Scripture.”[14] Christians should know that “the early church already condemned this doctrine long ago in the Pelagians,”[15] “is obviously Pelagian,”[16] and “nullifies the very grace of justification and regeneration.”[17]

The orthodox professors, theologians, and ministers of Holland and England sought incessantly to suppress the teaching of the Arminians and to prohibit the exercise of that faith which they were firm in condemning as heretical. This they were able to do quite effectively by the convening of the Synod of Dort. Arminianism, for these reasons, has always been viewed as not only error, but heresy.


[1] Synod of Dordt, Canon 2 Article 3 in the Rejection of Errors.
[2] Synod of Dordt, Canon 1 Article 1 in the Rejection of Errors.
[3] Synod of Dordt, Canon 1 Article 2 in the Rejection of Errors.
[4] Synod of Dordt, Canon 1 Article 3 in the Rejection of Errors.
[5] Synod of Dordt, Canon 1 Article 4 in the Rejection of Errors.
[6] Synod of Dordt, Canon 1 Article 5 in the Rejection of Errors, and Synod of Dordt, Canon 3 Article 4 in the Rejection of Errors.
[7] Synod of Dordt, Canon 1 Article 6 in the Rejection of Errors.
[8] Synod of Dordt, Canon 2 Article 1 in the Rejection of Errors.
[9] Synod of Dordt, Canon 2 Article 4 in the Rejection of Errors.
[10] Synod of Dordt, Canon 2 Article 6 in the Rejection of Errors.
[11] Synod of Dordt, Canon 2 Article 7 in the Rejection of Errors.
[12] Synod of Dordt, Canon 3 Article 1 in the Rejection of Errors.
[13] Synod of Dordt, Canon 4 Article 4 in the Rejection of Errors.
[14] Synod of Dordt, Canon 3 Article 7 in the Rejection of Errors.
[15] Synod of Dordt, Canon 3 Article 9 in the Rejection of Errors.
[16] Synod of Dordt, Canon 5 Article 2 in the Rejection of Errors.
[17] Synod of Dordt, Canon 5 Article 3 in the Rejection of Errors.


According to the doctrines of grace, salvation is accomplished by the almighty power of the triune God. The Father chose a people, the Son died for them, the Holy Spirit makes Christ’s death effective by bringing the elect to faith and repentance, thereby causing them to willingly obey the Gospel. The entire process (election, redemption, regeneration) is the work of God and is by grace alone (Eph. 2:8-9). In this way, God, not man, determines who will be the recipients of the gift of salvation.

The doctrines of grace are easily remembered by the acrostic TULIP.

Calvinism in the Early Church (The Doctrines of Grace taught by the Early Church Fathers)

An Estimate of Calvin’s Character by William Wileman – A must read!

An Estimate of Calvin’s Work by William Wileman

The Closing Scenes of Calvin’s Life by Thomas Smyth

The Will of John Calvin by Thomas Smyth

A Helpful Online Chart on the Order of Salvation (the ordo salutis) by C. Matthew McMahon

The Backslider Characterized; or, The Evil And Danger Of Defection Described by Rev. Ebenezer Erskine

On the Difference Between Regeneration and Conversion by James Boyce

Total Depravity by C. Matthew McMahon

Unconditional Election by C. Matthew McMahon

Limited Atonement by C. Matthew McMahon

Irresistible Grace by C. Matthew McMahon

Perseverance of the Saints by C. Matthew McMahon

TULIP: an Introduction by Jonathan Barlow

The Institutes of the Christian Religion by John Calvin (Download PDF)

Perspectives on Predestination by Rev. Barry Hofstetter
This is a sermon preached by Rev. Hofstetter attempting to give a good perspective on what predestination is, what it is not, and what it is for.

A Survey or Table Declaring The Order of Salvation and Damnation by William Perkins 1558-1602

The Reformed Faith by Loraine Boettner

The Reformed Doctrine of Predestination by Loraine Boettner (see pages 435 on his section about Infant Salvation)

The Five Points of Calvinism by R.L. Dabney
This is a defense of the five points of Calvinism by R.L. Dabney (1820-1898)

The Cause of God and Truth (PDF) by John Gill

The Sovereignty of God (PDF) by A. W. Pink
This is the unabridged edition.

The Sovereignty of God by Prof. John Murray
John Murray’s penetrating article The Sovereignty of God, published years ago in tract form by the Committee on Christian Education (Fighting the Good Fight, p. 157) is now available on the OPC website.

A Defense of Calvinism by C.H. Spurgeon
Charles Spurgeon (1834-1892) was a Baptist minister

Arminian Errors by Rev. William MacLean, M.A. From the tract, Another Gospel

Are There Two Wills in God? Divine Election and God’s Desire for All to be Saved by John Piper
This is a great article which appeared in a great two-volume refutation of Arminianism.

Reprobation Asserted – Or, The Doctrine Of Eternal Election And Reprobation Handled by John Bunyon

For Whom Did Christ Die? by John Owen
A tidbit of good ol’ Puritan biblical logic from the good doctor.

The Call of Christ by Arthur Pink
To whom did Jesus address the following words? “Come unto me, all ye that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.” – The answer may surprise you.

A Brief and Untechnical Statement of the Reformed Faith by B. B. Warfield
A nice, 24-point bullet list of Reformed (Calvinistic) distinctives.

The Stone Lectures on Calvinism by Dr. Abraham Kuyper ePub Mobi and PDF
Six Lectures Delivered at Princeton University, 1898 under the auspices of the L. P. Stone Foundation. Dr Abraham Kuyper (1837-1920) was a Dutch Calvinist theologian, philosopher and politician. As leader of the Anti-Revolutionary Party in the Netherlands he served as Prime Minister of his country from 1901 to 1905.

Calvin’s Commentaries on the Bible
“After the reading of Scripture, which I strenuously inculcate, and more than any other … I recommend that the Commentaries of Calvin be read … For I affirm that in the interpretation of the Scriptures Calvin is incomparable, and that his Commentaries are more to be valued than anything that is handed down to us in the writings of the Fathers — so much that I concede to him a certain spirit of prophecy in which he stands distinguished above others, above most, indeed, above all,” Jacob Arminius (1560-1609)

The Sovereignty of God by Elisha Coles

TULIP, The Fairest Flower in God’s Garden by Dr. John Gerstner

The Reformed Doctrine of Predestination by Loraine Boettner

Calvinism and TULIP in the Middle Ages – a must read article!

Assurance of Grace and Salvation by William S. Plumer

Effectual Calling by Thomas White

Conviction and Conversion by William S. Plumer

Repentance and Conversion by William S. Plumer

Faith and Conversion by William S. Plumer

Jesus Died for Aliens on Planet Zeno by C. Matthew McMahon
Is Christ’s death, in any way, hypothetical?

The Doctrines of Grace by Christopher Blum

The Perseverance of the Saints by C. Matthew McMahon

The Reformed Faith by Loraine Boettner

For Whom Did Christ Die? by Charles Hodge

The Five Points of Calvinism by W.J. Seaton

The Five Points of Grace by William Twisse

Propositions and Principles of Divinity by Theodore Beza

Justification by Grace Alone by John Calvin

Tip-Toe Through TULIP by C. Matthew McMahon

Why I am A Calvinist by C. Matthew McMahon

“Kosmos” in John 3:16 by AW Pink

A Brief and Untechnical Statement of the Reformed Faith by B.B. Warfield

A Brief Treatise On Predestination by Anthonie Gyblie

A Sermon on Predestination by Henry Bullinger

A Treatise on Christian Faith by Herman Witsius

An Antidote Against Arminianism by Rev. Christopher Ness (1621-1705)

An Exegetical Look at John 3:16 by C. Matthew McMahon

An Open Letter to Calvary Chapel of Ft. Lauderdale by Mr. John Nolan

Arminianism by Augustus Toplady

Arminianism is The Road to Rome by Augustus Toplady

Calvinism in History by Loraine Boettner – a must read article!

Christ’s Last Design on His People by Robert Traill (1642-1716)

Covenant, Universal Call And Definite Atonement by Dr. Roger Nicole

Dealing with Universalism and Limited Atonement by Samuel Rutherford

Decrees and Human Exertion by C. Matthew McMahon

Depravity, Augustine and Pelagius by R.C. Sproul

Erskine’s Poems on Grace by Rev. Ralph Erskine (1685-1752)

Exegesis of 2 Peter 2:1 – To Buy or Not to Buy by C. Matthew McMahon

Introduction to the Death of Death by J.i.Packer

John Calvin’s View of Limited Atonement by Dr. Roger Nicole

John Knox on Predestination by Rev. Brian L. Dole

Predestination and Romans 9 by William Twisse

Providence by William Plumer

Reprobation by AW Pink

The “christ” of Arminianism by Rev. Steve Houck

The Case for Definite Atonement by Dr. Roger Nicole

The Chief Points of Religion by Theodore Beza

The Crook in the Lot by Thomas Boston

The Myth of Free Will by Walter Chantry

The Predestination of the Saints – by Augustine

The “god” of Arminianism is Not Worshippable by C. Matthew McMahon

Two Thoughts from Augustus Toplady

What does the Bible mean by “All Men”? by John Calvin

What is the Gospel? by Zacharias Ursinus (1534-1583)


Other Downloadable PDF Files
The Reign of Grace by Abraham Booth PDF
TULIP, the Fairest Flower in God’s Garden by John Gerstner PDF
The Doctrine of the Saint’s Perseverance Explained and Confirmed by John Owen PDF
On Election and Particular Atonement in the Gospel Call by John Owen PDF
Calling and Repentance by Abraham Kuyper PDF
A Brief Survey of the Origin and Contents of the “Five Points” of Calvinism by David Steele PDF
A Treatise on the Gift of Perseverance by Augustine PDF
Definite Redemption – Jesus Christ Died for God’s Elect by JI Packer PDF
Chosen by God (Study Guide) by RC Sproul PDF

Books on Grace

God’s Sovereignty Displayed by William Gearing PDF ePub Mobi or Printed Book
The Two Wills of God Made Easy by C. Matthew McMahon PDF ePub Mobi or Printed Book
John 3:16 by C. Matthew McMahon PDF ePub Mobi or Printed Book
Discovering the Wickedness of Our Heart by Matthew Mead PDF ePub Mobi or Printed Book
Delivered From All Our Sins by Nicholas Byfield PDF ePub Mobi or Printed Book
The Natural Man Directed to Jesus Christ by Francis Roberts PDF ePub Mobi or Printed Book
The God of All Grace by Henry Newcome PDF ePub Mobi or Printed Book
The Fall of Adam and Other Works by John Greene PDF ePub Mobi or Printed Book
The Principal Causes of Man’s Salvation by John Brinsley PDF ePub Mobi or Printed Book
Regeneration and the New Birth by Isaac Ambrose PDF ePub Mobi or Printed Book
God’s Glory in Man’s Happiness by Francis Taylor PDF ePub Mobi or Printed Book
Captives Bound in Chains Made Free by Christ by Thomas Doolittle PDF ePub Mobi or Printed Book
The Doctrine of Conversion by Nathaniel Vincent PDF ePub Mobi or Printed Book
The Order of the Causes of Salvation and Damnation by William Perkins PDF ePub Mobi or Printed Book
The Largeness of God’s Grace Seen in Predestination by William Perkins PDF ePub Mobi or Printed Book
Augustine’s Calvinism: The Doctrines of Grace in Augustine’s Writings by C. Matthew McMahon PDF ePub Mobi or Printed Book
The Irresistibleness of Converting Grace by John Preston PDF ePub Mobi

A few Scriptures on Election: God’s sovereign purpose in salvation.

Consider: Gen. 21:12, 13; Ex. 9:16; Ex. 33:19; Deut. 7:7, 8; Deut. 10:15 Deut. 4:37. Deut. 32:8; Josh. 11:20; 1 Sam. 12:22; 1 Kin. 12:15; 1 Kin. 20:42; 2 Kin. 19:25; 2 Chr. 6:6; Job 23:13, 14; Psa. 33:12; Psa. 65:4; Psa. 78:67, 68, 70–72; Psa. 105:17, 19–22; Psa. 135:4; Prov. 16:4; Isa. 44:1, 2, 7; Jer. 1:4, 5; Mal. 1:2, 3; Matt. 11:25, 26; Matt. 20:16 [Matt. 22:14.] Matt. 20:23; Matt. 24:22 [Mark 13:20.] Matt. 24:40 v. 41; Luke 17:34–36. Matt. 25:34; Mark 13:20, 22; Luke 4:25–27; Luke 8:10; Luke 10:20; Luke 18:7; Luke 22:22 Matt. 26:24; Mark 14:21. John 6:37, 39, 44, 45; John 15:16, 19; John 17:2, 6, 9; John 21:23; Acts 1:7; Acts 2:23, 39, 47; Acts 3:18; Acts 4:28; Acts 13:48; Acts 17:26; Acts 22:14; Rom. 1:6; Rom. 8:28–30, 33; Rom. 9:11–18 [vs. 7–33.] Rom. 9:23, 24, 27–29; Rom. 11:5, 7, 8; 1 Cor. 1:26–29; 1 Cor. 2:7; Gal. 1:15; Eph. 1:4, 5, 9–11; Eph. 2:10; Eph. 3:11; Col. 3:12; 1 Thess. 1:4; 1 Thess. 2:12; 2 Thess. 2:13; 2 Tim. 1:9; Tit. 1:1, 2; Jas. 1:18; 1 Pet. 1:2, 20; 2 Pet. 1:10; Jude 4; Rev. 13:8.

Keep in mind that election can be of individuals, John 15:16; John 17:6; Eph. 1:4; Eph. 2:10; 2 Thess. 2:13, used of Christ as Messiah, Isa. 42:1; 1 Pet. 2:6, of good angels, 1 Tim. 5:21, of Israel, Deut. 7:6; Isa. 45:4, of ministers, Luke 6:13; Acts 9:15, and of churches, 1 Pet. 5:13.

Exodus 33:19 Then He said, “I will make all My goodness pass before you, and I will proclaim the name of the LORD before you. I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.”

Deuteronomy 7:6-8 “For you are a holy people to the LORD your God; the LORD your God has chosen you to be a people for Himself, a special treasure above all the peoples on the face of the earth. 7 “The LORD did not set His love on you nor choose you because you were more in number than any other people, for you were the least of all peoples; 8 “but because the LORD loves you, and because He would keep the oath which He swore to your fathers, the LORD has brought you out with a mighty hand, and redeemed you from the house of bondage, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt.”

Deuteronomy 10:15 “The LORD delighted only in your fathers, to love them; and He chose their descendants after them, you above all peoples, as it is this day.

Joshua 11:20 For it was of the LORD to harden their hearts, that they should come against Israel in battle, that He might utterly destroy them, and that they might receive no mercy, but that He might destroy them, as the LORD had commanded Moses.

1 Kings 20:42 Then he said to him, “Thus says the LORD: ‘Because you have let slip out of your hand a man whom I appointed to utter destruction, therefore your life shall go for his life, and your people for his people.’ “

2 Chronicles 6:6 ‘Yet I have chosen Jerusalem, that My name may be there; and I have chosen David to be over My people Israel.’

Psalm 33:12 Blessed is the nation whose God is the LORD, The people He has chosen as His own inheritance.

Psalm 65:4 Blessed is the man You choose, And cause to approach You, That he may dwell in Your courts. We shall be satisfied with the goodness of Your house, Of Your holy temple.

Psalm 78:67-70 Moreover He rejected the tent of Joseph, And did not choose the tribe of Ephraim, 68 But chose the tribe of Judah, Mount Zion which He loved. 69 And He built His sanctuary like the heights, Like the earth which He has established forever. 70 He also chose David His servant, And took him from the sheepfolds;

Psalm 135:4 For the LORD has chosen Jacob for Himself, Israel for His special treasure.

Proverbs 16:4 The LORD has made all for Himself, Yes, even the wicked for the day of doom.

Proverbs 21:1 The king’s heart is in the hand of the LORD, Like the rivers of water; He turns it wherever He wishes.

Isaiah 44:1-2 “Yet hear now, O Jacob My servant, And Israel whom I have chosen. 2 Thus says the LORD who made you And formed you from the womb, who will help you: ‘Fear not, O Jacob My servant; And you, Jeshurun, whom I have chosen.

Isaiah 45:4 For Jacob My servant’s sake, And Israel My elect, I have even called you by your name; I have named you, though you have not known Me.

Jeremiah 1:5 “Before I formed you in the womb I knew you; Before you were born I sanctified you; I ordained you a prophet to the nations.”

Malachi 1:2-3 ” I have loved you,” says the LORD. “Yet you say, ‘In what way have You loved us?’ Was not Esau Jacob’s brother?” Says the LORD. “Yet Jacob I have loved; 3 But Esau I have hated, And laid waste his mountains and his heritage For the jackals of the wilderness.”

Matthew 20:16 “So the last will be first, and the first last. For many are called, but few chosen.”

Matthew 24:22-24 “And unless those days were shortened, no flesh would be saved; but for the elect’s sake those days will be shortened. 23 “Then if anyone says to you, ‘Look, here is the Christ!’ or ‘There!’ do not believe it. 24 “For false christs and false prophets will rise and show great signs and wonders to deceive, if possible, even the elect.

Mark 13:20, 22, 27 (repeat above)

Luke 8:10 And He said, “To you it has been given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God, but to the rest it is given in parables, that ‘Seeing they may not see, And hearing they may not understand.’ (Matthew 11:25)

Luke 18:7 “And shall God not avenge His own elect who cry out day and night to Him, though He bears long with them?

John 6:37 “All that the Father gives Me will come to Me, and the one who comes to Me I will by no means cast out.

John 6:39 “This is the will of the Father who sent Me, that of all He has given Me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up at the last day.

John 6:65 And He said, “Therefore I have said to you that no one can come to Me unless it has been granted to him by My Father.”

John 10:14-15 “I am the good shepherd; and I know My sheep, and am known by My own. 15 “As the Father knows Me, even so I know the Father; and I lay down My life for the sheep.

John 13:18 “I do not speak concerning all of you. I know whom I have chosen; but that the Scripture may be fulfilled, ‘He who eats bread with Me has lifted up his heel against Me.’

John 15:19 “If you were of the world, the world would love its own. Yet because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, therefore the world hates you.

John 17:9 “I pray for them. I do not pray for the world but for those whom You have given Me, for they are Yours.

John 17:19 “And for their sakes I sanctify Myself, that they also may be sanctified by the truth.

Acts 2:23 “Him, being delivered by the determined purpose and foreknowledge of God, you have taken by lawless hands, have cru

Acts 2:46-47 So continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, they ate their food with gladness and simplicity of heart, 47 praising God and having favor with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily those who were being saved.

Acts 4:27-28 “For truly against Your holy Servant Jesus, whom You anointed, both Herod and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles and the people of Israel, were gathered together 28 “to do whatever Your hand and Your purpose determined before to be done.

Acts 13:48 Now when the Gentiles heard this, they were glad and glorified the word of the Lord. And as many as had been appointed to eternal life believed.

Acts 22:14 “Then he said, ‘The God of our fathers has chosen you that you should know His will, and see the Just One, and hear the voice of His mouth.

Romans 8:29-30 For whom He foreknew, He also predestined to be conformed to the image of His Son, that He might be the firstborn among many brethren. 30 Moreover whom He predestined, these He also called; whom He called, these He also justified; and whom He justified, these He also glorified.

Romans 8:33 Who shall bring a charge against God’s elect? It is God who justifies.

Romans 9:6-26 But it is not that the word of God has taken no effect. For they are not all Israel who are of Israel, 7 nor are they all children because they are the seed of Abraham; but, “In Isaac your seed shall be called.” 8 That is, those who are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God; but the children of the promise are counted as the seed. 9 For this is the word of promise: “At this time I will come and Sarah shall have a son.” 10 And not only this, but when Rebecca also had conceived by one man, even by our father Isaac 11 (for the children not yet being born, nor having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works but of Him who calls), 12 it was said to her, “The older shall serve the younger.” 13 As it is written, “Jacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated.” 14 What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? Certainly not! 15 For He says to Moses, “I will have mercy on whomever I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whomever I will have compassion.” 16 So then it is not of him who wills, nor of him who runs, but of God who shows mercy. 17 For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, “For this very purpose I have raised you up, that I may show My power in you, and that My name may be declared in all the earth.” 18 Therefore He has mercy on whom He wills, and whom He wills He hardens. 19 You will say to me then, “Why does He still find fault? For who has resisted His will?” 20 But indeed, O man, who are you to reply against God? Will the thing formed say to him who formed it, “Why have you made me like this?” 21 Does not the potter have power over the clay, from the same lump to make one vessel for honor and another for dishonor? 22 What if God, wanting to show His wrath and to make His power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath prepared for destruction, 23 and that He might make known the riches of His glory on the vessels of mercy, which He had prepared beforehand for glory, 24 even us whom He called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles? 25 As He says also in Hosea: “I will call them My people, who were not My people, And her beloved, who was not beloved.” 26 “And it shall come to pass in the place where it was said to them, ‘You are not My people,’ There they shall be called sons of the living God.”

Romans 11:5-28 Even so then, at this present time there is a remnant according to the election of grace. 6 And if by grace, then it is no longer of works; otherwise grace is no longer grace. But if it is of works, it is no longer grace; otherwise work is no longer work. 7 What then? Israel has not obtained what it seeks; but the elect have obtained it, and the rest were blinded. 8 Just as it is written: “God has given them a spirit of stupor, Eyes that they should not see And ears that they should not hear, To this very day.” 9 And David says: “Let their table become a snare and a trap, A stumbling block and a recompense to them. 10 Let their eyes be darkened, so that they do not see, and bow down their back always.” 11 I say then, have they stumbled that they should fall? Certainly not! But through their fall, to provoke them to jealousy, salvation has come to the Gentiles. 12 Now if their fall is riches for the world, and their failure riches for the Gentiles, how much more their fullness! 13 For I speak to you Gentiles; inasmuch as I am an apostle to the Gentiles, I magnify my ministry, 14 if by any means I may provoke to jealousy those who are my flesh and save some of them. 15 For if their being cast away is the reconciling of the world, what will their acceptance be but life from the dead? 16 For if the firstfruit is holy, the lump is also holy; and if the root is holy, so are the branches. 17 And if some of the branches were broken off, and you, being a wild olive tree, were grafted in among them, and with them became a partaker of the root and fatness of the olive tree, 18 do not boast against the branches. But if you do boast, remember that you do not support the root, but the root supports you. 19 You will say then, “Branches were broken off that I might be grafted in.” 20 Well said. Because of unbelief they were broken off, and you stand by faith. Do not be haughty, but fear. 21 For if God did not spare the natural branches, He may not spare you either. 22 Therefore consider the goodness and severity of God: on those who fell, severity; but toward you, goodness, if you continue in His goodness. Otherwise you also will be cut off. 23 And they also, if they do not continue in unbelief, will be grafted in, for God is able to graft them in again. 24 For if you were cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, and were grafted contrary to nature into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will these, who are natural branches, be grafted into their own olive tree? 25 For I do not desire, brethren, that you should be ignorant of this mystery, lest you should be wise in your own opinion, that blindness in part has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in. 26 And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written: “The Deliverer will come out of Zion, And He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob; 27 For this is My covenant with them, When I take away their sins.” 28 Concerning the gospel they are enemies for your sake, but concerning the election they are beloved for the sake of the fathers.

1 Corinthians 1:27-31 But God has chosen the foolish things of the world to put to shame the wise, and God has chosen the weak things of the world to put to shame the things which are mighty; 28 and the base things of the world and the things which are despised God has chosen, and the things which are not, to bring to nothing the things that are, 29 that no flesh should glory in His presence. 30 But of Him you are in Christ Jesus, who became for us wisdom from God — and righteousness and sanctification and redemption — 31 that, as it is written, “He who glories, let him glory in the LORD.”

Galatians 1:15-17 But when it pleased God, who separated me from my mother’s womb and called me through His grace, 16 to reveal His Son in me, that I might preach Him among the Gentiles, I did not immediately confer with flesh and blood, 17 nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before me; but I went to Arabia, and returned again to Damascus.

Galatians 1:3-11 Grace to you and peace from God the Father and our Lord Jesus Christ, 4 who gave Himself for our sins, that He might deliver us from this present evil age, according to the will of our God and Father, 5 to whom be glory forever and ever. Amen. 6 I marvel that you are turning away so soon from Him who called you in the grace of Christ, to a different gospel, 7 which is not another; but there are some who trouble you and want to pervert the gospel of Christ. 8 But even if we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel to you than what we have preached to you, let him be accursed. 9 As we have said before, so now I say again, if anyone preaches any other gospel to you than what you have received, let him be accursed. 10 For do I now persuade men, or God? Or do I seek to please men? For if I still pleased men, I would not be a bondservant of Christ. 11 But I make known to you, brethren, that the gospel which was preached by me is not according to man.

Galatians 3:11 But that no one is justified by the law in the sight of God is evident, for “the just shall live by faith.”

Colossians 3:12-13 Therefore, as the elect of God, holy and beloved, put on tender mercies, kindness, humility, meekness, longsuffering; 13 bearing with one another, and forgiving one another, if anyone has a complaint against another; even as Christ forgave you, so you also must do.

1 Thessalonians 1:2-4 We give thanks to God always for you all, making mention of you in our prayers, 3 remembering without ceasing your work of faith, labor of love, and patience of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ in the sight of our God and Father, 4 knowing, beloved brethren, your election by God.

1 Thessalonians 5:9-10 For God did not appoint us to wrath, but to obtain salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ, 10 who died for us, that whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with Him.

2 Thessalonians 2:13-14 But we are bound to give thanks to God always for you, brethren beloved by the Lord, because God from the beginning chose you for salvation through sanctification by the Spirit and belief in the truth, 14 to which He called you by our gospel, for the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.

2 Timothy 2:10 Therefore I endure all things for the sake of the elect, that they also may obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory.

Titus 1:1 Paul, a bondservant of God and an apostle of Jesus Christ, according to the faith of God’s elect and the acknowledgment of the truth which accords with godliness,

1 Peter 1:1-2 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, To the pilgrims of the Dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, 2 elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, in sanctification of the Spirit, for obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ:

1 Peter 2:9 But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, His own special people, that you may proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvelous light;

1 Peter 5:13 She who is in Babylon, elect together with you, greets you; and so does Mark my son.

2 Peter 1:10 Therefore, brethren, be even more diligent to make your call and election sure, for if you do these things you will never stumble.

Reformed Theology and Apologetics
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