A major Christian view on gender roles that holds that women and men properly have equal and interchangeable roles in the home, church, and wider society. This view is opposed to complementarianism, which holds that the proper roles for men and women are distinct and complementary.

Egalitarianism holds that women can hold all the same roles in church leadership as men, and that in a marriage authority is properly shared equally between husband and wife. Egalitarianism also holds that women and men may properly hold the same positions in society more broadly.

For further information relevant to the debate about egalitarianism versus complementarianism, see these articles: Complementarianism; Women in Church Leadership; Marriage; Paul the Apostle, Critical Issues.

Major Contributors and Editors. (2012, 2013, 2014, 2015). Egalitarianism. In J. D. Barry, D. Bomar, D. R. Brown, R. Klippenstein, D. Mangum, C. Sinclair Wolcott, … W. Widder (Eds.), The Lexham Bible Dictionary. Bellingham, WA: Lexham Press.

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